Financial Transaction Card Forgery Devices

Possession of financial transaction card forgery devices in Georgia is different than possession of the cards themselves. In Georgia it is illegal to possess any devices used to fraudulently make financial transaction cards of a bank or other financial institution. All that is required to be found guilty of possession of these devices is a knowledge of what they are and actual or constructive possession of the devices themselves.

More On the Law

It is also illegal to possess a financial transaction card that has not been completed. That card could be missing the name, card number, expiration date, security code or other marking besides the signature that would identify it as a valid financial transaction card.

Consequences

A conviction for possession of financial transaction card forgery devices in Georgia is a felony punishable by at least one year incarceration.

If you are being investigated for or charged with financial transaction card crimes, you need to call our office today at 404-581-0999. Our offices of experiences financial transaction card forgery attorneys is here to answer your questions.

Protect Yourself from Financial Transaction Card Theft in Georgia

We get calls all the time from people who have been charged in Georgia with taking your financial transaction (debit/credit) card information after you have voluntarily provided it to a business. You may have paid at the pump at a gas station, given your card to a fast food employee at the counter or a drive thru, or even paid for a product or service online only to find out that card has been compromised and unauthorized charges were placed on it.

Helpful tips to protect yourself from Financial Transaction Card theft!

But that’s all right. You can protect your financial transaction cards from theft in Georgia by following some basic steps.

  1. Be vigilant about checking your cards for unauthorized purchases. Every bank and credit card company has the ability to create an account where you can monitor your cards at your convenience. Depending on your activities that may be a daily monitoring or less frequently if you choose.
  2. Always choose credit over debit if that is an option with your debit card. Purchasing as a credit card offers additional protections that using a debit card does not.
  3. If you “pay at the pump” make sure the pump has not been tampered with. Most gas stations use tape to determine whether that pump has been compromised. If that tape has been broken, do not use your card at that pump.
  4. Be careful when you give your card to someone who takes your card from you to process payment. They could be copying your card information, taking pictures of your card, or even using your card in the time they have it in their possession.
  5. Make sure your PIN and passwords are secure. Do not use common PIN numbers or passwords. Change your passwords regularly. There are sites on the Internet that will tell you if a password you use has been compromised. Check those sites regularly. Consider using a password manager to manage your Internet presence.
  6. If you receive strange mail regarding accounts you have not opened or activated, do not ignore them, that could be someone attempting to steal your identity.

Give us a call today if you find yourself in a situation like this.

The best way to protect yourself from financial transaction card theft in Georgia is to be vigilant. Stay on top of your accounts. Monitor your activity. If you see something out of the ordinary, report it immediately. If you have any questions regarding your rights if your card information has been stolen, call our office at 404-581-0999. If you know where your card information was stolen, call the police.

Criminal Receipt of Goods and Services Fraudulently Obtained in Georgia

While it’s clearly illegal to fraudulently purchase goods and services with forged and fake financial transaction cards, currency and other financial devices, it is also illegal in Georgia to receive money, goods, services, or anything of value when you know that these goods were fraudulently obtained.

What’s the law on criminal receipt?

O.C.G.A. section 16-9-35 reads A person commits the offense of criminally receiving goods and services fraudulently obtained when he receives money, goods, services, or anything else of value obtained in violation of subsection (a) of Code Section 16-9-33 with the knowledge or belief that the same were obtained in violation of subsection (a) of Code Section 16-9-33.

If you are found guilty of the criminal receipt of goods and services fraudulently obtained in Georgia you are guilty of a felony and can potentially serve prison time.

As with all fraud and forgery crimes we have discussed so far, knowledge and intent are essential elements of committing this crime. The State must be able to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that you had the required intent to commit the crime, which in this case would be the knowledge that the goods or services were fraudulently obtained before receiving them, or once aware they were fraudulently obtained to return the goods or alert authorities.

Call us today!

If you believe you may be under investigation or have already been charged with criminal receipt of goods and services, please call our office immediately at 404-581-0999 to schedule a free consultation.

Creating Fake Checks

Beyond the crimes of Deposit Account Fraud and Forgery in Georgia, it is also unlawful to create fake checks or other negotiable instruments that appear as they are the real checks of any financial institution.

What’s the Law on Fake Checks?

The statute, O.C.G.A. 16-9-21 reads:

It shall be unlawful for any person to print or cause to be printed checks, drafts, orders, or debit card sales drafts, drawn upon any financial institution or to execute or negotiate any check, draft, order, or debit card sales draft knowing that the account number, routing number, or other information printed on such check, draft, order, or debit card sales draft is in error, fictitious, or assigned to another account holder or financial institution.

Any person who is found to have broken the law as it relates to the above statute would be guilty of a felony with a prison sentence ranging from one to five years and a fine of up to $5,000.

What Should I Do?

If you are being investigated for creating fake or fraudulent checks in Georgia, call our office today for a free consultation. Our staff is experienced in defending these white-collar cases and can discuss potential defenses with you at your free consultation. Call us today at 404-581-0999.

by Ryan Walsh

Financial Transaction Card Forgery

In Georgia it is against the law to make a fake financial transaction card in the name of another person or to alter any credit or debit card’s encoded information.

What is Financial Transaction Card Forgery?

A person commits the offense of financial transaction card forgery when:

(1)  With intent to defraud a purported issuer; a person or organization providing money, goods, services, or anything else of value; or any other person, he falsely makes or falsely embosses a purported financial transaction card;

(2)  With intent to defraud a purported issuer; a person or organization providing money, goods, services, or anything else of value; or any other person, he falsely encodes, duplicates, or alters existing encoded information on a financial transaction card or utters such a financial transaction card; or

(3)  He, not being the cardholder or a person authorized by him, with intent to defraud the issuer; a person or organization providing money, goods, services, or anything else of value; or any other person, signs a financial transaction card.

Examples

Falsely making a financial transaction card in Georgia occurs when someone makes or draws a card that is in someone else’s name but is not their actual card because they did not authorize the making or drawing of the card which was issued by the credit or debit card company.

Falsely embossing a financial transaction card in Georgia occurs when someone adds a name, card number, expiration date or security code to a card that already exists.

Falsely encoding a financial transaction card in Georgia occurs when someone erases or alters, electronically, magnetically, or electromagnetically information on the card that will permit acceptance of that card by an ATM.

If you are found in Georgia with two falsely made, embossed, or encoded financial transaction cards it is evidence under the statute that a crime has been committed.

Sentencing

If you are found guilty of violating this statute, you will be convicted of a felony and sentenced one to three years in custody.

Please call us today for a free consultation regarding financial transaction card forgery in Georgia at 404-581-0999.

Financial Transaction Card Theft

Financial Transaction Card Theft is the forgery crime we do the second most consults for in our office. It generally involves someone who takes the debit or credit card or the information on the debit/credit card of another with the plan to use that information later for their own benefit or to give or sell that information to another. Financial Transaction Card Theft is defined in O.C.G.A.16-9-31.

What is Financial Card Theft?

Financial Transaction Card Theft in Georgia occurs when:

A person takes, obtains, or withholds a financial transaction card from the person, possession, custody, or control of another without the cardholder’s consent; or who, with knowledge that it has been so taken, obtained, or withheld, receives the financial transaction card with intent to use it or to sell it or to transfer it to a person other than the issuer or the cardholder;

  • A person receives a financial transaction card that he knows to have been lost, mislaid, or delivered under a mistake as to the identity or address of the cardholder and he retains possession with intent to use it or sell it or to transfer it to a person other than the issuer or the cardholder;
  • A person, not being the issuer,sells a financial transaction card or buys a financial transaction card from aperson other than the issuer; or
  • A person not being the issuer,during any 12 month period receives two or more financial transaction cards inthe names of persons which he has reason to know were taken or retained undercircumstances which constitute a violation of theft by taking or financial cardtransaction theft.

What’s the Punishment? 

Financial Transaction Card Theft in Georgia is a felony punishable by at least one year imprisonment with a maximum punishment of three years imprisonment and a $5,000 fine.

Call us today

If you’ve been charged with financial card transaction theft in Georgia it is important that you contact an attorney immediately to go over potential defenses in your case. Our team of six attorneys is experienced in defending these cases and are available today for a free consultation. Please call us at 404-581-0999 to schedule a consultation today.

by Ryan Walsh 

False Identification in Georgia

A couple times a month we receive a call from someone who receives a letter from the Department of Driver Services stating they are being investigated for providing fraudulent information, false identification, on their drivers license. That crime and others are covered in Official Code of Georgia Annotated (O.C.G.A.) 16-9-4; Manufacturing, Selling, or Distributing False Identification Documents.

What exactly does this mean?

Under O.C.G.A. 16-9-4 it is unlawful for any person to knowingly possess, display, or use any false, fictitious, fraudulent, or altered identification document. It is also unlawful to make, alter, sell, distribute or deliver the identification document with intent to provide them for others. An identification document has to be issued by a government agency or by authority of the government and it must contain a name, and a description or photograph. Common identification documents include passports, VISAs, military IDs, driver’s licenses, or state issued ID cards. This also includes employer issues ID badges, if the badges contain a trademark or trade name and access cards that are unique to specific individuals.

What will happen?

Anyone found guilty of possessing an identification document for their own use would be guilty of a misdemeanor. If you’ve made, altered or sold identification documents for others, they you would be guilty of a felony. Also, if you’re found to use property to help you in violating this code section, you can be subject to civil forfeiture of the property used to aid in possessing, making, altering, or selling these identification documents.

 

If you’ve been charged or are worried you are going to be charged with an identification document violation in Georgia, call us today for a free consultation at 404-581-0999.

 

by Ryan Walsh

Forgery Laws in Georgia

by Ryan Walsh

There are four degrees to the offense of Forgery in the State of Georgia.

Forgery in the first and second degree involves the making, possession or alteration of a writing other than a check in a fake name or in a manner that alleges the document was made by another person at another time without the authority of that other person. It is forgery in the first degree if that writing is used, presented , or delivered; and forgery in the second degree if it is never used, presented or delivered.

To be found guilty of forgery in the first or second degree you have to have knowledge that the writing is forged and that you have made, possessed or altered the document with the intent to defraud another party.

Forgery in the third and fourth degrees involve the same elements of forgery discussed above but the writing involved is a check.  If the check is for $1,500 or more or you have ten or more checks in your possession then you will be charged with forgery in the third degree. If the check is for less than $1,500 or you have less than ten checks in your possession then you will be charged with forgery in the fourth degree.

Forgery in the first through third degrees is a felony offense in the State of Georgia. Forgery in the fourth degree is a misdemeanor offense.

If you’ve been contacted by a law enforcement official about a potential issue at a bank it is important that you exercise your right to remain silent and call a lawyer immediately to discuss your case, your options, and potential outcomes.

Being convicted of a forgery charge can impact your ability to gain future employment or obtain professional certifications in the State of Georgia.

Our office of Georgia criminal defense attorneys have experience in defending forgery and fraud crimes. Call us today at 404-581-0999 for a free consultation.