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Rape Shield in Georgia

If you are charged with Rape anywhere in the State of Georgia, it is imperative that you retain a sex crimes defense attorney immediately. There are rules in Georgia that protect the alleged victim from having her character attacked.

O.C.G.A. 24-4-412 prohibits certain evidence from being introduced at trial. This is known as the Rape Shield Statute. The evidence that is excluded from trial include, but not limited to, evidence of the alleged victim’s marital history, mode of dress, and general reputation for promiscuity, nonchastity, or sexual mores contrary to the community standards.

The Rape Shield Statute contains an exception to its exclusionary rule. The past sexual behavior of the complaining witness is not admissible unless the trial court found that the past sexual behavior directly involved the participation of the defendant and found that the evidence expected to be introduced supported an inference that the defendant could have reasonably believed that the complaining witness consented to the conduct complained in the prosecution.

Do not think that if you are charged with Rape in Georgia that you can attack the alleged victim for her past sexual behavior or think that just because she was dressed a certain way that you can argue that to the jury. The laws in Georgia protect rape victims from a character assassination in Georgia.

If you want to bring in evidence that fits the exception to the Rape Shield Statute, then the defendant shall notify the court of such intent, whereupon the court shall conduct an in camera hearing to examine the accused’s evidence. At the conclusion of this hearing, if the court finds that any of the evidence introduced at the hearing is admissible or is so highly material that it will substantially support a conclusion that the accused reasonably believed that the complaining witness consented to the conduct complained of and that justice mandates the admission of such evidence, the court shall by order state what evidence may be introduced by the defense at the trial of the case and in what manner the evidence may be introduced.

So, if you are accused of Rape, it is important to write out a log of every interaction you have had with the alleged victim, exactly what you remember talking about with the alleged victim and any evidence or witnesses that may help you establish that you believe consent was given.

In a Rape case, your life is literally hanging in the balance. Do not think that just because you believe you had consent and just because you know it did not happen, that the case will just go away or the judge and jury will just understand your side. Once you are accused of Rape, you need to go on offense in your preparation and show that either 1) you were misidentified as the person accused of rape or 2) you had consent of the alleged victim.

A person convicted of Rape can be punished by death, by imprisonment for life without parole, by imprisonment for life with the possibility of parole or by a split sentence that is a term of imprisonment for not less than 25 years and not exceeding life imprisonment to be followed by probation for life. Any person convicted of rape is subject to the sentencing provisions of O.C.G.A. §§ 17-10-6.1 and 17-10-7.

In addition, the person could be on the Sex Offender Registry for life.

If you face charges in Georgia for Rape, it is imperative that you do not make any statements to law enforcement or to anyone else and immediately seek help from an experienced attorney handling Rape cases in Georgia. You must protect your rights and take this matter very seriously.

The statute of limitation for a prosecution of rape is 15 years.

I would be happy to meet with you any time for a free consultation to discuss your case, your rights and your defenses to these allegations.

Call me at 404-581-0999 and let’s schedule a time to meet and discuss your case.

Rape Shield Statute

If you are charged with Rape in Georgia, it is imperative that you retain a sex crimes defense attorney immediately. There are rules in Georgia that protect the alleged victim from having her character attacked.

O.C.G.A. 24-4-412 prohibits certain evidence from being introduced at trial. This is known as the Rape Shield Statute. The evidence that is excluded from trial include, but not limited to, evidence of the alleged victim’s marital history, mode of dress, and general reputation for promiscuity, nonchastity, or sexual mores contrary to the community standards.

The Rape Shield Statute contains an exception to its exclusionary rule. The past sexual behavior of the complaining witness is not admissible unless the trial court found that the past sexual behavior directly involved the participation of the defendant and found that the evidence expected to be introduced supported an inference that the defendant could have reasonably believed that the complaining witness consented to the conduct complained in the prosecution.

Do not think that if you are charged with Rape in Georgia that you can attack the alleged victim for her past sexual behavior or think that just because she was dressed a certain way that you can argue that to the jury. The laws in Georgia protect rape victims from a character assassination in Georgia.

If you want to bring in evidence that fits the exception to the Rape Shield Statute, then the defendant shall notify the court of such intent, whereupon the court shall conduct an in camera hearing to examine the accused’s evidence. At the conclusion of this hearing, if the court finds that any of the evidence introduced at the hearing is admissible or is so highly material that it will substantially support a conclusion that the accused reasonably believed that the complaining witness consented to the conduct complained of and that justice mandates the admission of such evidence, the court shall by order state what evidence may be introduced by the defense at the trial of the case and in what manner the evidence may be introduced.

So, if you are accused of Rape, it is important to write out a log of every interaction you have had with the alleged victim, exactly what you remember talking about with the alleged victim and any evidence or witnesses that may help you establish that you believe consent was given.

In a Rape case, your life is literally hanging in the balance. Do not think that just because you believe you had consent and just because you know it did not happen, that the case will just go away or the judge and jury will just understand your side. Once you are accused of Rape, you need to go on offense in your preparation and show that either 1) you were misidentified as the person accused of rape or 2) you had consent of the alleged victim.

A person convicted of Rape can be punished by death, by imprisonment for life without parole, by imprisonment for life with the possibility of parole or by a split sentence that is a term of imprisonment for not less than 25 years and not exceeding life imprisonment to be followed by probation for life. Any person convicted of rape is subject to the sentencing provisions of O.C.G.A. §§ 17-10-6.1 and 17-10-7.

In addition, the person could be on the Sex Offender Registry for life.

If you face charges in Georgia for Rape, it is imperative that you do not make any statements to law enforcement or to anyone else and immediately seek help from an experienced attorney handling Rape cases in Georgia. You must protect your rights and take this matter very seriously.

The statute of limitation for a prosecution of rape is 15 years.

I would be happy to meet with you any time for a free consultation to discuss your case, your rights and your defenses to these allegations.

Call me at 404-581-0999 and let’s schedule a time to meet and discuss your case.

Statutory Rape in Fulton County

Statutory Rape in Fulton County is a serious crime in Georgia. O.C.G.A. § 16-6-3 defines Statutory Rape as engaging in sexual intercourse with any person under the age of 16 years old who is not your  spouse.

Statutory Rape requires corroboration and cannot stand solely on the unsupported testimony of the victim.

In Georgia, it is not a defense to Statutory Rape that the accused believed the victim was of the age of consent.

Many people have the idea that if they have consensual sex, then they did not break the law. That is not true.  Individuals who commit statutory rape in Georgia can face serious felony charges. In addition to a prison sentence, a person faces being put on the Sex Offender Registry and has limits on housing and job opportunities and loses their right to vote and own a firearm.

To be convicted of Statutory Rape, it is not necessary to fully penetrate the vagina or to rupture the hymen. Only slight penetration of the vulva or labia is sufficient. Proof of force is unnecessary for statutory rape.

If you are arrested in Fulton County for Statutory Rape, you will see a Magistrate judge the following day at 11am. At this initial court date, the Fulton Magistrate Judge will read the warrant to you and may consider bond. If bond is not given at first appearance, you will be reset to a preliminary hearing and bond hearing date in front of another Fulton County Magistrate judge.

The punishment for Statutory Rape is very serious. O.C.G.A. § 16-6-3 mandates that the sentence be from 1 to 20 years in prison. If the defendant is 21 years or older, then the mandatory sentence is 10 years up to 20 years in prison with at least one year on probation. If the victim is at least 14 years old but less than 16 years old and the person convicted is 18 years old and is no more than 4 years older than the victim, then it is a misdemeanor and a maximum of 12 months in custody.

If the defendant is over 21 and convicted of statutory rape, he or she cannot plead under the First Offender Act.

If you face charges in  Fulton County for Statutory Rape, it is imperative that you do not make any statements to law enforcement or to anyone else and immediately seek help from an experienced attorney handling Sex Offenses. You must protect your rights and take this matter very seriously.

I would be happy to meet with you any time for a free consultation to discuss your case, your rights and your defenses to these allegations.

Call me at 404-581-0999 and let’s schedule a time to meet and discuss your case.

Sex Offender GPS Monitoring is Unconstitutional

O.C.G.A. 42-1-14 required a person who is classified as a Level 3 sexually dangerous predator to wear and pay for a GPS Monitoring device even if no longer on probation or parole. This Statute allowed the State to monitor the person’s movements for the remainder of his or her life.

Joseph Park & Sex Offender GPS Monitoring

In 2003, Joseph Park was convicted of child molestation and sexual exploitation of a minor. Upon his release from custody in 2011, the Sexual Offender Registration Review Board classified him as a sexually dangerous predator under O.C.G.A. 42-1-14(a)(1). This Statute required Park to wear a GPS monitoring system the rest of his life.

Joseph Park challenged this statute on Constitutional grounds. The Georgia Supreme Court concluded that O.C.G.A. 42-1-14 was an unreasonable search and violated the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

The Court held that the wearing a GPS monitoring device to track the person’s whereabouts 24/7 for the rest of their life, even after the person has served their entire criminal sentence, constituted a significant intrusion upon the privacy of the individual. This would be an unreasonable warrantless search of an individual who is no longer serving their sentence.

The Georgia Legislature is likely already working to draft a new statute to allow for GPS monitoring for life.

Call us today!

If you are arrested for child molestation or any other sex offense in Georgia, it is imperative that you fight the case and win the case at the trial level. If you plead guilty to child molestation or any sex offense and are on the Georgia Sex Offender Registry, you will likely be restricted and monitored by the State even when your criminal sentence is over. It is vital to put the time, effort and money into fighting your child molestation case on the front end.

If you or a loved one are in need of a lawyer who handles child molestation cases and other sex offenses in Georgia, please email me at mike@peachstatelawyer.com or call 404-581-0999 for a free consultation.

Removal from Sex Offender Registry

Can I get off the Sex Offender Registry in Georgia?

If you are currently on the sex offender registry in Georgia, you can petition a superior court for release pursuant to O.C.G.A. 42-1-19.

You are eligible for removal if you meet one of the following criteria

  1. You have completed all prison, parole, supervised release, and probation for the offense which put you on the Sex Offender Registry AND
    • You are confined to a hospice facility, nursing home, residential care facility or nursing home
    • Are totally and permanently disabled OR
    • Otherwise seriously incapacitated due to illness or injury.
  2. You were sentenced for a crime that subsequently because a misdemeanor offense in Georgia.
  3. You were required to register solely because you were convicted of kidnapping or false imprisonment and the offense did not involve a sexual offense.
  4. You have completed all prison, parole, supervised release, and probation for the offense which put you on the Sex Offender Registry AND
    • Ten years has passed since you completed all prison, parole, supervised release, and probation for the sexual offense OR
    • You are classified as a Level 1 risk assessment classification. If you have not done a risk assessment classification, the court shall order such classification to be completed prior to considering the petition for release.

What does the court considering when considering whether to remove you from the Registry?

The Court can consider:

  1. Any evidence that is presented on your behalf;
  2. Any evidence that is presented by the District Attorney or Sheriff
  3. Any other relevant evidence.

Where do you file your petition for removal from the Sex Offender Registry?

A petition for removal shall be filed in the Superior Court where you were convicted. If you were convicted in another State, then you can file it in the Superior Court where you currently reside.

If your petition is denied, you have to wait 2 years from the date of the final order on your previous petition.

We would be happy to meet with you and discuss whether to file a petition to remove you from the Sex Offender Registry in Georgia. Please call us at 404-581-0999 or email to mike@peachstatelawyer.com