Field Sobriety: Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus

What is Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus? The HGN test evaluates abnormal eye movement caused by the influence of an intoxicant such as alcohol or drugs. Nystagmus is an involuntary jerking movement of the eye.[1] There are several forms of nystagmus or jerking of the eyes. Of the forty-plus types of medically recognized nystagmus, officers are trained […]

Theft by Deception

What is Theft by Deception? In Georgia, a person commits Theft by Deception when the obtain property by any deceitful means or artful practice with the intention of depriving the owner of said property. At trial, the state must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the accused intended to deceive. According to the statute intentional […]

Field Sobriety Tests Introduction

What are Field Sobriety Tests?             In virtually every situation where a person has been pulled over for an alleged traffic violation and the officer “detects an odor of alcohol,” the officer will routinely ask the driver to perform Field Sobriety Tests (“FSTs”). These FSTs are used by the officer as tools used to assist […]

False Proof of Insurance Documents

Insurance Need to Knows Every driver in Georgia is required to have the minimum liability coverage of $25,000 per person and $50,000 per accident before they can drive their vehicle on the road. An insurance policy covers a specific vehicle or set of vehicles and is acquired by paying a premium to a Georgia auto […]

Financial Transaction Card Forgery

In Georgia it is against the law to make a fake financial transaction card in the name of another person or to alter any credit or debit card’s encoded information. What is Financial Transaction Card Forgery? A person commits the offense of financial transaction card forgery when: (1)  With intent to defraud a purported issuer; a […]